A few years before the outbreak of war in Europe the U.S. Military announced their interest in acquiring significant numbers of new training aircraft. Realizing the large sale potential for trainer Fairchild had already begun development of a low wing monoplane designed by chief engineer Armand J. Thieblot called the Model 62. Sherman Fairchild had already made up his mind that the aircraft would be powered by Fairchild’s own inverted 6 cylinder ranger engine. In the summer of 1939 Fairchild entered the M-62 in the competition at Wright field. The M-62 won and Fairchild was awarded a contract for 270 airplanes. The new trainer was to be designated PT-19 and was to be powered by the L-440-1 a military verison rated at 175 hp.
The first PT-19 rolled out of the Hagerstown factory in Feb 1940 and by the end of the year two to three airplanes were being produced each day. By that time the U.S. Army had ordered the PT-19A model, incorporating minor improvements and a 200 hp Ranger 6-440C-5. Once we entered the war it was clear that there were going to be thousands of new pilots which needed trainers and Fairchild was committed to supplying these trainers. However by 1942 is was clear that the Ranger division could not build engines as fast as the airplane were being produced. Because of the tremendous demand for the trainers the army decided that other manufactures would built the Fairchild design under license.
By 1944 the training program had reached its peak and so the last PT-19 and PT-26 planes were delivered in April of 1944 with a total of 8,129 of the model 62′s and variance were produced.. After the war the planes were sold as surplus as little as $750 dollars out of the crate.
Fairchild PT-19 N54977 S/N T43-5770
Empty Weight: 2053 lbs
Gross Weight: 2800 lbs
Max Speed: 115 mph
Cruise Speed: 105 mph
Stall Speed: 55 mph
Range: 350-400 miles